英语介词By与through 的区别

英语介词By与through 的区别 时间:2017-06-06

  下面是学识网小编整理的一些关于介词By与through 的区别,欢迎大家阅读!

  英语介词By 与 through 的区别:

  1.by

  (1)表示方法,手段。即“用..., 通过...以…方式

  ”相当于by means of 如:

  All work had to be done by hand 所有的工作都是手工进行的。

  He makes a living by teaching 他以教书为生。

  It happened through no fault of mine.这件事的发生, 并非由于我的任何过错。

  He saluted her by raising his hat.他举起帽子向她致意。

  She earned money by writing.她靠写作挣钱。

  根据;按照to play by the rules按规则比赛

  相差His horse won by a nose.他的马以一鼻之差取胜。

  (2)表示传达、传递的方式或煤介。如:

  How did you send the letter, by airmail or by ordinary mail?

  你是怎么发送的这信,是通过航天邮件还是普通邮件?

  (3)表示用交通工具、通讯工具后接名词单数,不加冠词。如:

  He came by train, but his wife came by bus. 他是乘火车来的,可是他老婆是坐公共汽车来的。

  注意下面两句的区别:

  Did you come by train? =Did you come in his car / on my bike?

  “by +抽象名词”构成的词组有:

  by accident / by chance / by diligence / by effort / by force / by heart / by luck / by mistake / by hard work.

  (4)指数量增加或减少到的程度,相差。

  We lost the match by one goal 我们仅以一球之差输了比赛。

  (5)根据,按照

  pay sb by the hour /day/week

  Sell sth by the pound /meter/ dozen

  sell sth by weight/length

  As a rule,domestic servants doing odd jobs are paid by the hour 通常,家政服务是按照小时计酬的。

  They marched by night.他们夜里进军。


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